Ligaments, or 韧带 rèndài
join bones to bones, and may be considered part of the 经 筋 jīngjīn, or myofascial/sinew meridians. Yet assessing and treating ligament injuries is literally a “missing link” in much acupuncture training regarding musculoskeletal pain and disability. Simple and easily-learned techniques for needling ligaments can stimulate self-repair and improve outcomes by helping to:
- Accelerate healing and reduce chronicity from acute sprains/strains;
- Re-stabilize hypermobile joints, and restore normal joint tracking and biomechanics;
- Slow and allow for reversal of joint degeneration that leads to osteoarthrosis;
- Enhance the treatment of muscles, nerves, and other tissues and systems that contribute to chronic pain.
Ligaments and Joints Covered:
Shoulder, Arm and Hand
- Acromio-clavicular joint: sprains, separations, chronic hypermobility
- Gleno-humeral joint: sprains, AMBRI, TUBS and SLAP lesions
- Transverse humeral ligament: bicipital tendon subluxations
- Elbow collateral ligaments: sprains, subluxations
- Wrist ulnar- and radio-carpal ligaments and the triangular fibrocartilage complex: sprains, tears, chronic hypermobility
Hip, Knee, Ankle and Foot
- Knee patellar, collateral and cruciate ligaments: sprains, chronic hypermobility
- Knee menisci and the tibio-meniscal ligament: sprains, degeneration
- The superior and inferior tibio-fibular joints: sprains, chronic hypermobility
- Lateral ankle/foot: ATF, CF, PTF and CC ligaments: sprains, chronic hypermobility
- Medial ankle: hyper-pronation, deltoid and spring ligaments: chronic hypermobility
- Cervical and lumbar facet joints: sprains, dysfunction, chronic hyper- and hypo-mobility
- Posterior sacro-iliac, ilio-lumbar and sacro-tuberous ligaments: dysfunctions, degeneration
- Supraspinous ligament: whiplash, sprains
Anatomy and Patho-anatomy.
- Functional/clinical anatomy, patho-anatomy of the main and commonly-injured joints of the body, in AOM and standard contemporary medical terms.
- Common etiologies and prognoses for common injuries and pain of the major joints of the body, in AOM and standard contemporary medical terms.
- Performing a physical exam for common injuries and pain of the major joints of the body, including observation, inspection, palpation and special orthopedic tests for joint range-of-motion, tracking and end-feel/stability.
- Red flags for serious/urgent joint injuries and pain that warrant referral to physician care.
Treatment for common joint injuries with acupuncture, including ligamentous prolo-acupuncture (“dry”) needling, electro-acupuncture, and 7-star needling.