Ligaments, or 韧带 rèndài
join bones to bones, and may be considered part of the 经 筋 jīngjīn, or myofascial/sinew meridians. Yet assessing and treating ligament injuries is literally a “missing link” in much acupuncture training regarding musculo-skeletal pain and disability. Simple and easily-learned techniques for needling ligaments can stimulate self-repair and improve outcomes by helping to:
- Accelerate healing and reduce chronicity from acute sprains/strains;
- Re-stabilize hypermobile joints, and restore normal joint tracking and biomechanics;
- Slow and allow for reversal of joint degeneration that leads to osteoarthrosis;
- Enhance the treatment of muscles, nerves, and other tissues and systems that contribute to chronic pain.
Ligaments and Joints Covered:
Shoulder, Arm and Hand
- Acromio-clavicular joint
- Gleno-humeral joint: AMBRI, TUBS and SLAP lesions
- Elbow collateral ligaments
- Wrist ulnar- and radio-carpal ligaments and the triangular fibrocartilage complex
Hip, Knee, Ankle and Foot
- Knee patellar, collateral and cruciate ligaments
- Knee menisci and the tibio-meniscal ligament
- The superior and inferior tibio-fibular joints
- Lateral ankle/foot: ATF, CF, PTF and CC ligaments
- Medial ankle: hyper-pronation, deltoid and spring ligaments
- Cervical and lumbar facet joints
- Posterior sacro-iliac, ilio-lumbar and sacro-tuberous ligaments
- Whiplash and the supraspinous ligament
Anatomy and Patho-anatomy.
- Functional/clinical anatomy, patho-anatomy of the main and commonly-injured joints of the body, in AOM and standard contemporary medical terms.
- Common etiologies and prognoses for common injuries and pain of the major joints of the body, in AOM and standard contemporary medical terms.
- Performing a physical exam for common injuries and pain of the major joints of the body, including observation, inspection, palpation and special orthopedic tests for joint range-of-motion, tracking and end-feel/stability.
- Red flags for serious/urgent joint injuries and pain that warrant referral to physician care.
Treatment for common joint injuries with acupuncture, including ligamentous prolo-acupuncture (“dry”) needling, electro-acupuncture, and 7-star needling.